- Issued:01 February 2023
Guide to Section II of risk based supervision data:
Trust Company Businesses with respect to Regulated Non-Profit Organizations and Private Trust Companies
Issued: 1 February 2023
1.1.1 In 2018, the JFSC collected supervisory risk data for reporting entities for the first time. This exercise was repeated in 2019, 2020, 2021 and 2022.
1.1.2 As part of the data collection exercise the JFSC collects data from persons registered to carry on trust company business (TCBs) with respect to two specific activities:
(a) Providing a prescribed service to a non-profit organization (NPO); and
(b) Administering a private trust company (PTC).
1.1.3 An affiliation leader should compete the data request in respect of all members of its affiliation.
1.1.4 It is recognised that some TCBs only conduct one of the two activities listed above.
1.2.1 The Excel workbook sent to the TCBs contains 3 spreadsheets, as follows:
(a) F – Regulated NPOs
(b) FA-Regulated NPO Country list
(c) FB-Private Trust Companies
1.3.1 Data should be provided for the period 1/1/2022 to 31/12/2022.
1.3.2 There are some data items where the data should be provided as at the end of the reporting period (31/12/2022 or closest business day).
1.4.1 Whilst the JFSC will be collecting the same data as it did in previous years, TCBs are still recommended to consider the data request as soon as possible. It may take some time to gather the data requested and the deadline for submission is 17:00 on 30 April 2023.
1.4.2 Each TCB which either administers one or more PTCs, or provides a prescribed service to a regulated NPO, will be submitting a completed Excel workbook for this element of Section II through the JFSC Portal.
1.4.3 TCBs that are required to make a submission have a designated individual who is the JFSC Portal contact, which, in the vast majority of cases, is the compliance officer. Notwithstanding that the JFSC Portal contact has responsibility for submitting the data, the board, or equivalent, of the TCB should have oversight of the content of the submission made on their behalf.
1.4.1 For many this will be the fifth time the data return has been completed therefore the JFSC expects TCBs to be in a very good position to report their 2022 data and that only on a very exceptional basis will responses need to be derived by extrapolation or estimates supported by specific criteria. This position is supported by the extensive data collection completed by the JFSC during 2022 as part of the National NPO risk assessment work.
1.4.1 Where a TCB needs to extrapolate or estimate its data as system changes are still being implemented, the comments section at the bottom of the relevant spreadsheet should highlight which data elements have been impacted, the extent of they have been impacted and when the relevant system changes will take effect.
1.4.1 Where the TCB feels it necessary to provide additional data to enable the JFSC to understand the response, this information should also be included in the comments section at the bottom of each relevant spreadsheet. This could include information highlighting any significant divergence from the NPO risk assessment data provided in Q3/Q4 2022.
1.4.2 Note: the data requests contained in this Excel workbook are independent of each other. TCBs requested to complete this Excel workbook should complete all spreadsheets.
(a) TCBs providing prescribed services to NPOs and administering one or more PTCs should complete spreadsheets F, FA and FB.
(b) TCBs only providing prescribed services to NPOs should complete spreadsheets F and FA. If a TCB does not administer any PTCs then please insert “0” in each cell in row 1 of spreadsheet FB-Private Trust Companies
(c) TCBs only administering one or more PTCs should complete spreadsheet FB. If a TCB does not provide prescribed services to a NPO then please insert “0” in each cell of spreadsheet F-Regulated NPOs
1.4.3 Spreadsheet FA-Regulated NPO Country list, can be left blank if the TCB does not act for regulated NPOs.
1.5.1 Before submitting your data the JFSC suggests that the integrity checks highlighted below for those responding with respect to regulated NPOs should be competed.
Regulated non-profit organizations
1.5.2 The following should all add to the same total number (F1(f)) as the questions analyse the number of regulated NPOs as at 31 December 2022:
(a) By prescribed service: F1(a) to (e) will auto add to F1(f)
(b) By purpose: F2(a) to (c)
(c) By fund raising and disbursing characteristics: sum of F3(a)(i) + F3(b)(i) + F3(c)(i)
2.1.1 This section collects data about NPOs that are administered by TCBs.
(1)An organization is a non-profit organization for the purposes of this Law if –
(a)it is established solely or primarily for charitable, religious, cultural, educational, social, or fraternal purposes with the intention of benefiting the public or a section of the public; and
(b)it raises or disburses funds in pursuance of those purposes.
(2)In paragraph (1) “organization” means a body of persons (whether incorporated or unincorporated), any legal entity and any equivalent or similar structure or arrangement and for the purpose of this Law the expression “organization” also includes persons acting as trustees of a trust.
(a) a person acting as, fulfilling the function of, or arranging for an employee to act as, a director, council member of a foundation or trustee, where the person is registered under the Financial Services (Jersey) Law 1998 to provide the service (Class G, Class L and Class OA); or
(b) a person that is a PTC[i] that is acting as a trustee to a trust.
2.1.5 Regulated NPOs are not required to register as NPOs with the JFSC on the basis that the JFSC may exercise oversight of such organizations through its supervision of the TCB sector under the Financial Services (Jersey) Law 1998. Although the JFSC is aware that some regulated NPOs have chosen to register with us.
2.1.6 The JFSC is collecting data with respect to regulated NPOs for two reasons:
(a) The data will form part of the information utilised in its risk based supervision of trust and company service activity.
(b) When added to the data held in respect of registered NPOs, a view can be formed on the size and activities of the Jersey NPO sector.
F1 Number of regulated NPOs by class of prescribed service, as at 31 December 2022(a)Class G (director of a Jersey company)(b)Class G (director of a non-Jersey company)(c)Class L (trustee of an express trust)(d)Class OA (member of the council of a foundation)(e)Private trust company acting as trustee of a trust(f)Total number of regulated NPOs (auto generated)
2.2.1 Please insert, against the relevant class of TCB, the number of regulated NPOs to which services are provided, as at 31 December 2022.
2.2.2 Please note that the response for question F1(e) should be the number of NPOs to which the PTC provides a prescribed service (acts as trustee). Please do not respond by inserting the number of PTCs administered unless each PTC provides a prescribed service to one NPO.
2.2.3 F1(f) will automatically sum the entries above and therefore does not need to be completed.
2.2.4 Please do not leave any of F1(a) to (e) blank, rather please insert a “0”. F1(f) is an autosum cell which will not work unless each of F1(a) to (e) contains an entry.
F2 Number of regulated NPOs, as at 31 December 2022, the purpose of which is:(a) Purely philanthropic(b) Head of an orphan structure(c) Other
2.2.5 Using the total in F1(f), please analyse the regulated NPOs into the 3 categories of:
(a) Purely philanthropic
(b) Head of an orphan structure
2.2.6 The JFSC does not have, and does not intend to provide, a definition of a philanthropic NPO. TCBs may have their own definition and if present, this should be used to classify their regulated NPOs.
2.2.7 The JFSC considers the following may indicate that a NPO should be reported at F2(a):
(a) A private initiative for the public good often with a focus on the quality of life
(b) Funds are provided by a single person or number of family members.
2.2.8 An obvious example being the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.
2.2.1 An orphan structure refers to a company whose shares are held by the trustee of a charitable trust. The company is said to be an “orphan” as it is not beneficially owned by any individual. Orphan structures may be used to ensure that:
(a) assets and liabilities of the subject company are treated as “off-balance-sheet” with respect to the sponsor of the structure; and
(b) the company is “bankruptcy remote” from companies in the same group as the sponsor.
2.2.2 The sum of questions F2(a) to (c) should equal F1(f).
2.2.3 Please do not leave any of F2(a) to (c) blank, rather please insert a “0”.
F3 Regulated NPOs, as at 31 December 2022, that:(a) Raise funds publicly AND apply those funds to benefit the public or a section of the public(i) Number; (ii) Value (in GBP)(b) Raise funds privately AND apply those funds only to benefit the public or a section of the public(i) Number; (ii) Value (in GBP)(c) Raise funds privately AND apply those funds primarily to benefit the public or a section of the public(i) Number; (ii) Value (in GBP)
2.2.4 NPOs are of interest from a risk perspective due to the international evidence regarding the use of NPOs in the financing of terrorism.
2.2.5 Consequently, question F3 is seeking a breakdown of the number of regulated NPOs that raise funds publicly (F3(a)) versus those that raise funds privately (F3(b) and F3(c)).
2.2.6 Where the funds are raised privately please consider how the funds are applied and split the number between:
(a) Applied only for the benefit of the public or a section of the public (in this context the relevant funds are those available after the payment of any fees to the TCB) (F3(b))
(b) Applied primarily for the benefit of the public or a section of the public (this case would apply if some of the funds available after the payment of any fees to the TCB are applied to a private cause) (F3(c)).
2.2.7 Questions F3(a)(i), F3(b)(i) and F3(c)(i) should be completed by analysing the total in F1(f). Please do not leave these cells blank, please insert “0” if no regulated NPOs of a particular type are being administered.
2.2.8 F3(a)(ii), F3(b)(ii) and F3(c)(ii) should be completed with the value of funds raised during 2022. If the regulated NPOs did not raise any funds during 2022 please insert a “0”.
F4 Countries in which funds have been raised during the reporting period
F5 Countries in which funds have been disbursed during the reporting period
F6 Total amount of funds raised during the reporting period, by country, for the top ten countries by amount
F7 Total amount of funds disbursed during the reporting period, by country, for the top ten countries by amount
2.2.9 From a risk perspective whenever funds are raised for a regulated NPO from outside Jersey, or distributed by the regulated NPO outside Jersey, this may carry an additional level of ML/TF risk. The degree of additional risk will be determined by the jurisdiction to which funds are distributed, or from which they are raised.
2.2.10 Questions F4 to F7 are designed to better understand this risk.
2.2.11 Responses should be provided on spreadsheet FA-Regulated NPO Country list.
2.2.12 Please note:
(a) responses to F4 to F7 should cover the duration of the reporting period;
(b) questions F4 and F5 should be responded to with a “X” against the relevant jurisdiction;
(c) questions F6 and F7 only require the total amount raised or distributed by the largest 10 regulated NPOs; and
(d) it is not necessary to place an entry against every jurisdiction on spreadsheet FA-Regulated NPO Country list.
3.1.1 A “private trust company” is a company that is carrying on trust company business as set out in Article 2(3) of the Financial Services (Jersey) Law 1998 but which meets the conditions set out in the Financial Services (Trust Company Business (Exemptions)) (Jersey) Order 2000, either:
(a) paragraph 4 (private trust company business); or
(b) paragraph 4A (private trust company business in respect of foundations).
3.2.1 The spreadsheet FB-Private Trust Companies, requests the name of the TCB administering the PTC. This is in recognition that the spreadsheet may be submitted by an affiliation leader but a participating member may be actually administering the PTC.
3.2.2 The data requested is:
(a) FB1 Name of TCB administratorAs noted above, please insert the name of the TCB that administers the PTC – this may be a participating member
(b) FB2 Name of PTCPlease insert the full name of the PTC
(c) FB3 Incorporation jurisdiction of PTCPlease pick the jurisdiction of incorporation from the dropdown list
(d) FB4 PTC registration numberPlease insert the registration number of the PTC provided by the registrar on registration
(e) FB5 PTC incorporation date dd/mm/yyyy
(f) FB6 Name of any co-administratorsPlease insert the names of any TCBs that are co-administrators of the PTC